The seven different kinds of antibiotics

Health is wealth! And medicine plays a significant role in keeping our bodies fit and combating any ailments and minor allergies that we get from time to time. Medications are required at all phases of life! Whether we are recovering from flu, traveling or are trying to reduce pain – we need medicines when we have to heal a symptom or the body. Even when people are recovering from an operation or a disease, there are medicines to bring the human body and its various systems into balance.


The pharmacy world has presented us with several types of medicines that address various needs. A popular medicine type is antibiotics that get prescribed to treat fever as well as a critical case of food poisoning. Furthermore, most of the infections we suffer from takes place because of bacteria. And it gets treated by antibiotics.


Types of antibiotics

 Today, there are different kinds of antibiotics for treating infections. Antibiotics that calm down a high fever will not be useful for treating allergies caused by consuming seafood. You will have to depend on an ace physician to suggest the one apt for you. Sometimes, physicians require a urine test or a throat swab to decide the correct antibiotic dose for their patients. Also, it’s essential to know that antibiotics generally aren’t able to treat those infections that are caused by various microorganisms, such as fungi or viruses. So when people use it, just as an OTC (Over the counter) drug, it might result in other side effects. It might make the bacteria less responsive to treatment. Recently, one of the acute problems in the pharmacy world is antibiotic resistance.


The other problem includes the increased cost of medicines. Modern day living is costly, and people look for ways to save money. Today, several websites provide discount codes on medicines that help you to add to your savings. As you research online, you can browse through to learn and know more about this.


However, when it is about deciding on antibiotics, it’s best to ask and co-operate with your general physician. As he/she is the one who has studied medicine.  Discussed below are the broad classifications.


  1. Penicillin antibiotics

Simply put, the penicillin is one of the most used antibiotics group! It covers a wide range of antibiotic medicines that can treat many infections. For instance, advanced antibiotics are used to treat skin rashes and infections, urinary tract infections, stomach infections, respiratory tract infections and many more. Also, Flucloxacillin has been the standard cure for treating those bacteria that penicillin can’t address.


  1. Macrolide antibiotics

As an antibiotic type, Macrolide too is known for their antibacterial spectrum akin to penicillin. People who develop an allergy for penicillin can be treated using this antibiotic. Research and studies have revealed that the Macrolide antibiotics have been beneficial in treating all kinds of chest and lung infections. Hence, people who have quit smoking and have developed chest and lung infections can resort to this antibiotics type. It is also used to treat sexually transmitted as well as skin infections.

  1. Cephalosporin antibiotics

Cephalosporin is yet another antibiotic type that gets used for treating infections that occur from a broad mix of bacteria. It generally comprises of slightly serious infections for instance meningitis, pneumonia, peritonitis, septicemia as well as the severe forms of urinary-tract infections.


  1. Quinolone

One of the widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, Quinolone is used to treat several kinds of infections. From throat to bladder infections, modern day pharmacy world counts on this antibiotic for a speedy cure.


  1. Tetracycline

Oxytetracycline and lymecycline and other multiple kinds of Tetracycline antibiotics generally get used for treating acute cases of rosacea and acne. However, over the years it has also been used to treat other types of genital as well as chest bacterial infections as well.

  1. Aminoglycoside

An Aminoglycoside antibiotic is instrumental in restricting the bacterial protein synthesis. It doesn’t get appropriately absorbed when consumed in the form of a tablet. The injection format is apt and works effectively. Samples of this antibiotic also get used as drops for treating eye and ear infections. This antibiotic type gets suggested when the other kinds of antibiotic medicines fail to address the disease caused in ears and kidneys.


  1. Sulfonamide

In recent times, sulfonamide antibiotics don’t get used as widely as the other types. It is because of the increased bacterial resistance. Furthermore, different kinds of antibiotics have proven to be more helpful.


Antibiotics and side effects

There are situations where consuming antibiotics might have side effects. The medicine does treat the infection or the disease at hand but sometimes can give rise to minor side effects that get cured on its own. Some of the side effects are:

  • A headache
  • Fatigue
  • Skin Rashes
  • Lose bowels
  • Restlessness and irritation
  • Increased sleep

Sometimes these side effects indicate that the antibiotic is doing its job in treating the infection and is gradually getting back the body to balance. Since, antibiotics mix with the bloodstream, it will take a while for the side effects to end completely.


It is essential to have apt knowledge of antibiotics before you consume the same or pass a recommendation. Most medicines come with two names. One is the generic name that gets derived from its chemical structure. The other name is the brand or trade name, generated by the pharmacy company responsible for manufacturing the same. Also, each category of antibiotics works for a particular infection. Hence, only an ace physician will be able to offer you the correct guidance on antibiotics usage. Self-medication can go against you if you don’t have the adequate and accurate know-how on antibiotics and its usages.


In recent times, self-medication has increased owing to the general articles and post that gets circulated online. And self-medication has also caused ample harm than treating the disease or infection at hand. Simply put, the dangers of self-medication can prolong a virus and can also create other kinds of internal problems and injury that might lead to serious ailments and diseases. It can vary from an ulcer to an acute food poisoning caused due to the irritation in the stomach lining. Therefore, it’s always better to check with a doctor, who knows which of the seven antibiotics to use.


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